About Tucker County
Tucker County lies in the north-eastern part of West Virginia, a region commonly referred to as the Potomac Highlands because of its mountainous, rugged terrain.
The area was permanently settled in 1773. The county was officially formed by a prominent jurist and statesman of Virginia, Henry S. George Tucker, in 1856 from Randolph County – at that time, part of the state of Virginia.
In 1860 – just years after its founding – Tucker County’s population was approximately 1,428. It quickly grew in the late 19th and early 20th century to over 18,600 residents in 1910 as rapid industrial development as a result of extraction industry and railroad access brought wealth and work to a previously remote community. Large reserves of coal, limestone, shale, and timber shifted the economy from primarily agriculture. Tucker County was home to two railroads, two paper mills, three tanneries, fifteen sawmills, lime kilns, and almost a thousand coke ovens.
After 1910 the population rapidly declined, with a brief spike in the 1980’s, and a small decline ever since. Recreation and tourism took on greater importance with commuting times from the Pittsburgh and DC Metro areas decreasing with visitors to Canaan Valley State Park, Blackwater Falls State Park, Monongahela National Forest, and two ski resorts.
The county seat in Parsons was incorporated in 1893.
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Tucker County is located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of 2000, the population was 7,321. Its county seat is Parsons1. Tucker County was created in 1856 from a part of Randolph County, then part of Virginia. In 1871, a small part of Barbour County, West Virginia, was transferred to Tucker County. The county was named after Henry St. George Tucker, Sr., a judge and Congressman from Williamsburg, Virginia.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 421 square miles (1,091 kms), of which, 419 square miles (1,085 kms) of it is land and 2 square miles (6 kms) of it (0.53%) is water.
- U.S. Highway 219
- West Virginia Route 32
- West Virginia Route 38
- West Virginia Route 72
- West Virginia Route 90
- West Virginia Route 93
- Preston County (north)
- Grant County (east)
- Randolph County (south)
- Barbour County (west)
- Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge – U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
- Fernow Experimental Forest – U.S. Department of Agriculture
- Dolly Sods Wilderness – U.S. Forest Service
- Otter Creek Wilderness – U.S. Forest Service
- Monongahela National Forest – U.S. Forest Service
National Natural Landmarks
- Big Run Bog
- Canaan Valley
- Fisher Spring Run Bog
1. “Find a County”. National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
2. Tucker County WVGenWeb Page, accessed August 25, 2006.
3. West Virginia Division of Culture and History – Tucker County History web page, accessed August 25, 2006
4. “American FactFinder”. United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
5. Brooks, Maurice (1965), The Appalachians (Series: The Naturalist’s America), Illustrated by Lois Darling and Lo Brooks, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, pp 127-128.
- Maxwell, Hu, History of Tucker County, West Virginia, from the Earliest Explorations and Settlements to the Present Time; with Biographical Sketches of more than Two Hundred and Fifty of the Leading Men, and a Full Appendix of Official and Electoral History; Also, an Account of the Rivers, Forests and Caves of the County, Preston Publishing Company: Kingwood, West Virginia, 1884. (Reprinted by McClain Printing Company, Parsons, W.Va., 1971 and 1993.)
[From “Wikipedia, “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tucker_County,_West_Virginia ”, March 3, 2008.]